Fishing and aquaculture
commercial and recreational fisheries are diverse and geographically
extensive. Our oceans, bays, wetlands and estuaries support some
of the world's finest seafood, from abalone and mussels to rock
lobster and snapper. Victoria exports abalone, rock lobster, eel,
giant crab, scallop, urchin and jellyfish. Abalone and rock lobster
fisheries are Victoria's most valuable commercial fisheries.
of the recreational fishing industry is demonstrated by the involvement
of more than 550,000 Victorians. The recreational catch of whiting
and snapper is estimated to be considerably higher than the commercial
take of these species.
is a division of the Department of Primary Industries. Fisheries
Victoria manages the fisheries resource by developing and implementing
policies, projects and services. History shows that without effective
management and control fisheries can become over-fished, leading
to significant ecological impacts, declining catches, the collapse
of fishing industries and economic hardship for the communities
they support. Fisheries are vulnerable to the environmental impacts
of pollution, drought, fire, disease, and competition from introduced
or noxious species. Some fish stocks are also subject to natural
variability for reasons that are not clearly understood. Both commercial
and recreational fishing in Victoria is closely monitored and subject
to a suite of management controls in accordance with ecological
As wild fishery
stocks approach the limits of sustainable seafood supply, the aquaculture
industry is playing an increasingly important role in meeting local
and global demand for seafood products. However, aquaculture farms
have the potential to pose significant challenges to the Victorian
fishing industry and marine environments in general. The issue of
water exchange and disease transfer between aquaculture farms and
the marine environment is a significant current issue, particularly
with the spread of the ganglioneuritis virus affecting abalone.
We need to ensure a better understanding of aquaculture impacts
on the environment, use low environmental impact production systems
and demonstrate best practice aquaculture and environmental management.
of climate change, effluent and disease incursions, energy costs,
global competition and new developments in science and technology
require the establishment of clear direction for the maintenance
of effective management of Victoria's fisheries.
Victoria's fisheries, and the ecosystems on which they depend,
within an ecologically sustainable framework to ensure maintenance
and improvement to current and future fish stocks.
an ecologically sustainable and viable aquaculture industry.
recreational fishing impacts through education, enforcement
and suitable facilities.
shared ownership of fisheries management through partnership
Support the development of a climate change strategy which aims
to facilitate adaptation to the risks and impacts of climate change
in both the commercial and recreational fishing sectors (DPI).
Improve the capacity to monitor and assess levels of recreational
fishing to ensure sustainable use (DPI).
Improve understanding of habitat and environment requirements for
key fisheries resources (DPI, DSE).