Other significant coastal-dependent land use and development
to Bass Strait and the Southern Ocean means sections of the Victorian
coast are well-suited to the renewable energy sources and a number
of projects are well-established. Common renewable energy technologies
include hydro, geothermal, wind, tidal, wave, and solar power.
coast currently hosts a variety of marine-coast-inland infrastructure
such as development associated with gas and oil extraction. Further
coastal infrastructure is also anticipated. There is the proposed
desalination plant at Wonthaggi and the likelihood of further desalination
plants along the coast in the future, and perhaps further infrastructure
associated with the emergence of carbon capture and storage, otherwise
known as geosequestration.
There is concern
regarding the potential of land subsidence around the Gippsland
region. The type of subsidence potentially affecting the Gippsland
coast results from the extraction of large quantities of groundwater,
oil and natural gas. However, the current incidence of subsidence
is yet to be conclusively proven. Subsidence can cause greater flooding,
particularly if compounded by the likely impacts of climate change
and increased dampening of low-lying areas. Development in low areas
needs to consider potential land subsidence.
new coastal-dependent industry or expansion of existing coastal
industry should be subject to appropriate environmental and landscape
assessments to determine whether the likely effects on the environment,
including cumulative and long-term effects, are acceptable and have
appropriate mitigation and management measures.
projects offer significant economic and social benefits, a strategic
approach to their siting and location is important to ensure minimal
environmental impact, and to take into account climate change risks
and the landscape and aesthetic values of the coast.
proposals for large scale coastal-dependent use and development
are subject to comprehensive planning assessment and consider
environmental, social and economic effects.