of the Victorian Coastal Strategy
The Victorian Coastal Strategy 2008 provides a comprehensive integrated
management framework for the coast of Victoria. It is established
under the Coastal Management Act 1995. The Act directs the Victorian
Coastal Strategy to provide for long-term planning of the Victorian
coast for the next 100 years and beyond.
Ocean Road from Teddy's Lookout
of the strategy is to provide:
1. a vision
for the planning, management and use of coastal, estuarine and marine
2. the government's policy commitment for coastal, estuarine and
3. a framework for the development and implementation of other specific
strategies and plans such as Coastal Action Plans, management plans
and planning schemes
4. a guide for exercising discretion by decision-makers, where appropriate.
hierarchy of principles sets the foundation of the strategy. The
hierarchy of principles provides the basis for a series of policies
and actions to guide planning, management and decision-making on
coastal private and Crown land, as well as in coastal catchments,
estuarine and marine waters.
and actions apply to the next five years and focus on significant
issues including climate change, population and growth and marine
Figure 2 illustrates
the structure and components of the Victorian Coastal Strategy.
2: Structure and Components of the Victorian Coastal Strategy
applies to all Victorian coastal waters (i.e. the sea and seabed
to the state limit - three nautical miles or 5.5 kilometres off
shore) and all private and coastal Crown land directly influenced
by the sea or directly influencing the coastline. Those influences
range from visual to drainage impacts, as illustrated in Figure
is a policy document intended for use by coastal, estuarine and
marine planners, and managers. As the government's framework for
the long-term stewardship of the Victorian coast, the application
of this strategy relies on effective partnerships between stakeholders.
gives direction for planning and managing the impacts of activities
on and in the:
- marine environment
- includes the nearshore marine environment, the seabed and waters
out to the state limit or 5.5 kilometres.
- or coastal Crown land 200 metres from the high water mark
hinterland - on private and Crown land directly influenced by
the sea or directly influencing the coastline and land within
critical views of the foreshore and nearshore environment
- feeding rivers and drainage systems and including estuaries
addresses all activities or processes that may impact on coastal
and marine areas. References to 'the coast' include the coast, estuarine
and marine environment.
This is the
third Victorian Coastal Strategy. It has a vision and hierarchy
of principles similar to the two previous strategies published in
1997 and 2002. This strategy highlights three significant issues:
climate change, population and growth and marine ecological integrity.
It presents polices and actions for the next five years to address
these issues and other existing, emerging and future coastal issues.
and core principles used in previous strategies - that the conservation
of the coast is central to our economic and social needs - are as
important to this strategy as they have been in the past.
research and consultation
The development of this strategy has been informed by:
1. a comprehensive review of relevant documentation, in particular
the Victorian coastal strategies published in 1997 and 2002
2. significant social and economic research, which is conducted
every five years
3. substantial community and stakeholder feedback to the draft Victorian
Coastal Strategy 2007, obtained through varied consultation methods.
analysis and review of all of this information was undertaken and
underpins and supports this strategy.
3 Integrated coastal zone management in Victoria
this strategy is the Victorian Coastal Council's commitment to ecologically
sustainable development which is influenced through integrated coastal
zone management, ecosystem-based management and adaptive management.
The key concepts
(ESD) which incorporates caring for the environment, economic
performance and social responsibility, often called the triple
Integrated coastal zone management
(ICZM) which integrates coastal planning and management across
the land and sea and the private and Crown land interfaces, refer
Figure 3. It also integrates
the activities of:
- various government agencies, industry, non-government organisations
and communities along the coastal zone (horizontal integration)
- Commonwealth, state and local government and the community (vertical
The Australian Government's framework for a national cooperative
approach to integrated coastal zone management (2006) outlines
national priorities and sets the scene for an agreed approach
on ICZM in each state.
(EBM) which protects and manages the environment, recognising
that humans and human needs are an integral part of the system.
which learns from the current management activities to inform
and improve the next phase of management. It is systematic and
means continuously improving our planning and management approaches.
boxes - Brighton Beach
complements and relies on other related existing government policy
about planning and managing land use and development on and near
the coast, for example:
- Great Ocean
Road regional strategy, 2004
Catchment Strategies for the five adjacent coastal catchments
cooperative approach to integrated coastal zone management, 2006
2030: Planning for sustainable growth, 2005
for all of Melbourne, The Victorian Government response to the
Melbourne 2030 Audit, 2008
river health strategy, 2002
Victoria together: a vision for Victoria to 2010 and beyond
- Our environment
our future, 2006
nature-based tourism strategy 2008-2012
Heritage: Strengthening our communities, 2006
- State Environment
Protection Policies (SEPPs).
will be most effective where it is referred to and implemented in
regional and local plans, including:
Action Plans and management plans
which identify strategic directions and objectives to facilitate
recreational use and tourism, and provide for the protection and
enhancement of significant features of the region's coast. These
plans are prepared under the Coastal Management Act 1995
which set out state and local policies and provisions for the
use, development and protection of land. Planning schemes are
prepared by the local council or the Minister for Planning under
the Planning and Environment Act 1987
which outline the natural assets of the region, how they are interrelated,
and what needs to be done to manage and use natural assets in
a sustainable way. These strategies are prepared under the Catchment
and Land Protection Act 1994.