involved along the coast
On the coast there
visitors and users
that regulate use and behaviour
many developed areas of the world, Victoria is blessed with a legacy
of 96 per cent of its coastline in public ownership. In Victoria
the Minister for Environment and Climate Change has responsibility
for all coastal Crown land on behalf of all Victorians.
visitors and users
have a strong connection to the coast either through regular holidays,
visiting or living near the coast. Victorians' love of the coast
is an important factor in long-term coastal management and protection.
Coastal communities and coastal-based groups have a crucial role
in coastal planning and management by contributing their time, local
knowledge, expertise and being part of the decision-making process.
Coastal award Winners 2008: these awards recognise the great
work people, groups, businesses, schools, Governments and agencies
undertake to protect and enhance victoria's coast.
create more robust coastal management outcomes and more connected
coastal communities. Common activities include volunteering in local
conservation groups and projects, being on Committees of Management,
and being active in clubs and groups such as life saving, fishing,
boating, water access and safety, education and training. Nearly
20,000 coastal volunteers in over 200 community groups care for
our coast. Their contribution is recognised annually through the
Victorian Coastal Awards for Excellence.
people and communities also have a key role in planning and managing
coastal areas and making decisions about coastal resources. They
participate in decision-making forums and native title-related negotiations,
such as land use and cooperative management agreements. The recent
native title determination for the Gunditjmara people in south-western
Victoria will influence coastal planning and management in this
organisations may also be a Registered Aboriginal Party (RAP) under
the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006, with responsibilities for Aboriginal
cultural heritage along the coast. Under this Act, a RAP has rights
and responsibilities for certain land use, development and management
activities that have implications for coastal planning and management.
large number of agencies with an interest in Victoria's coast is
reflected in the number of authorities whose planning affects the
coast, either directly or indirectly. Key legislation includes the
Coastal Management Act 1995, Planning and Environment Act 1987 and
the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994.
has a significant role in considering and approving planning permits
on coastal Crown land and private land and in the nearshore environment,
under the planning scheme. Local government also has a key role
in preparing and consulting on proposed changes to the planning
than two thirds of Victoria's coastal Crown land is reserved as
national park, coastal park, marine national park or marine sanctuary
under the National Parks Act 1975. Parks Victoria manages this land
through park management plans.
Most of the
remaining coastal Crown land is reserved under the Crown Land (Reserves)
Act 1978 for various public purposes, and is generally protected.
Committees of Management appointed by the Minister usually manage
these reserves. A committee can be composed of voluntary local community
representatives, or be an agency such as Parks Victoria or local
government under the Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978.
of Sustainability and Environment manages small areas of 'unreserved'
Crown land along the foreshore and most of the seabed. Private land
abutting the coast is managed by the land owner or their agent.
legislation stipulates how specific coastal uses and areas are managed,
particularly where these have a significant effect on matters of
environmental and cultural significance along the coast. They include
the Heritage Act 1995, the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988, the
Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006, the Environment Protection Act 1970,
the Fisheries Act 1995, the Commonwealth Environment Protection
and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, the Native Title Act 1993
and the Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976.
with government, non-government organisations and tertiary institutions
play an important role in research. This advances our knowledge
and understanding of coastal, estuarine and marine environments
and informs policy development and decision-making.
businesses and industries are dependent on a coastal location and
therefore influence and are influenced by the coast. It is important
that the private sector plays a role in referring to and implementing
this strategy. These businesses and industries support local, regional
and state employment and broader economic activity. This strategy
seeks to guide their contribution to improve environmental outcomes
and community coastal infrastructure and services.
Mac Donald (far right) - Victorian Coastal Award winner for
Lifetime Achievement, with other volunteers and a Parks Victoria
courtesy of Margaret MacDonald